Today’s blog is the first in a three part series. We will be discussing the related services component of the ARD (IEP) document. In today’s post I am going to give you the definition of related services according to IDEA. In the next post I am going to list out some of the common related services and their definitions. The third post will explain how to get related services for you child.
Your child’s ARD (IEP) document must contain a statement of the supplementary aides and related services that your child is receiving. Related services are services that are necessary for your child to benefit from their special education program. They can help your child access the general education curriculum, meet their IEP goals, and/or participate in extracurricular and nonacademic activities.
Related services can be either through direct or indirect (consultative) methods. These services can be provided in your child’s classroom, through pull out services, before or after school or in your home (in home training). They can be provided individually or in a group. Related services are not disability specific are meant to meet the individual needs of the child. The third part of this series will cover the provision of related services in more detail.
According to IDEA:
Sec. 300.34 Related services.
(a) General. Related services means transportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education, and includes speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, early identification and assessment of disabilities in children, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, and medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes. Related services also include school health services and school nurse services, social work services in schools, and parent counseling and training.
Related Services does not include:
(b) Exception; services that apply to children with surgically implanted devices, including cochlear implants.
(1) Related services do not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, the optimization of that device’s functioning (e.g., mapping), maintenance of that device, or the replacement of that device.
(2) Nothing in paragraph (b)(1) of this section– (i) Limits the right of a child with a surgically implanted device (e.g., cochlear implant) to receive related services (as listed in paragraph (a) of this section) that are determined by the IEP Team to be necessary for the child to receive FAPE.
(ii) Limits the responsibility of a public agency to appropriately monitor and maintain medical devices that are needed to maintain the health and safety of the child, including breathing, nutrition, or operation of other bodily functions, while the child is transported to and from school or is at school; or
(iii) Prevents the routine checking of an external component of a surgically-implanted device to make sure it is functioning properly, as required in Sec. 300.113(b).
This post is intended to give you a general idea of the law. However, each situation is different. If you need more specific information about how the law applies to your situation you should contact a special education attorney.
“IDEA – Building The Legacy of IDEA 2004.” IDEA – Building The Legacy of IDEA 2004, idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/,root,regs,300,A,300%252E34.
BOCES, Erie 1. “What are related services for students with disabilities and how are they.” Erie 1 BOCES > Home, http://www.e1b.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=n7uCRE5KYeA%3D&tabid=2978&mid=5432.
“The Individuals with Disabilities Education.” PACER Center – Assistance for Children with Disabilities, Bullying Prevention, Parent Workshops, http://www.pacer.org/parent/php/php-c181.pdf.
“Related Services.” Center for Parent Information and Resources, http://www.parentcenterhub.org/repository/iep-relatedservices/.